Diversifying Access to and Support for the San Gabriel Mountains and Recreation Area
NPS National Recreation Area Could Improve Access, Ease Park Disparities
The National Park Service (NPS) draft study of the proposed national recreation area for the San Gabriel Mountains focuses on improving access to green space and easing park disparities in the Los Angeles region.
Citing the work of The City Project and others, NPS highlights:
- Statewide, Los Angeles County is one of the most disadvantaged counties for parks and green space for children and people of color.
- People of color are less likely to have access to parks. Non Hispanic Whites have disproportionately greater access to parks and green space, compared to Latinos and African-Americans. These groups are 12-15 times more likely to have less park acreage per capita when compared to Non Hispanic Whites.
- County averages can mask dramatic disparities in access to green space within the county.
This is an important step to address social equity, human health, economic vitality and job creation, and cultural and spiritual values, in addition to impacts on the natural environment. The City Project and diverse allies recommend strengthening Alternative D by (1) creating local green jobs that reflect the diversity of the region, (2) implementing Transit to Trails programs to take urban youth and their family and friends to natural green spaces, (3) serving diverse needs by including both active and passive recreation, (4) studying, celebrating, and preserving cultural, heritage, and public art sites, (5) developing culturally- and language-appropriate facilities, signage, and programming, (6) complying with equal justice laws and principles for equal access to public resources, (7) expanding the NRA boundaries to include the San Gabriel and Rio Hondo River corridors, urban communities south of the San Gabriel Mountains, and nearby cultural, art and heritage sites, (8) expanding the NRA boundaries to ensure connectivity among urban areas along the San Gabriel and Rio Hondo Rivers, Puente-Chino Hills, and Chino Hills State Park, and (9) funding fully the proposed NRA.
Click to read the public comments submitted by the diverse allies below, who are part of the San Gabriel Mountains Forever coalition.
The final NPS study and recommendation is expected in early 2013. Click here to access NPS San Gabriel Watershed and Mountains Special Resource Study draft summary.
Read the KCET Departures column Bringing the San Gabriel Mountains Closer to the People by Robert García.
Click to access The City Project’s most recent policy report on green access and equity: Healthy Parks, Schools and Communities: Mapping Green Access and Equity for Southern California.
The following allies submitted the public comments: Robert Bracamontes, Yu-va’-tal ‘A’lla-mal (Black Crow), Acjachemen Nation, Juaneño Tribe; Anahuak Youth Soccer Association; Asian and Pacific Islander Obesity Prevention Alliance; Jack K. Shu, California State Parks (retired); The City Project; Concerned Citizens of South Central Los Angeles; Earthwise Productions, Inc.; Latino Coalition for a Healthy California (LCHC); Mia Lehrer & Associates, Landscape Architects; Los Angeles Neighborhood Land Trust; PolicyLink; Natural Resources Defense Council; Marc Brenman, Social Justice Policy Consultant; Nina S. Roberts, Associate Professor, San Francisco State University (for identification only); SPARC (Social and Public Art Resource Center).
NPS Highlights Transit To Trails for Inner City Youth
The National Parks Service (NPS) draft study of the proposed national recreation area for the San Gabriel Mountains cites work of The City Project and its allies to diversify access to and support for mountains, beaches, and rivers through Transit to Trails.
NPS Significant Efforts Needed To Ensure Park Access for Communities of Color
The National Park Service (NPS) acknowledges access to parks and recreational facilities for communities of color is a serious concern. “[C]ommunities of color and children have disproportionately low access to parks and open space in Los Angeles County,” according to NPS draft study of the proposed national recreation area in the San Gabriels.
Citing The City Project’s work, NPS found “many families in the low income neighborhoods of the region often do not have cars nor are near public transportation systems that allow for access to regional parks.”
NPS recognizes that “significant efforts will need to take place to ensure sufficient opportunities for diverse recreational experiences in the future.” Community groups, civic leaders, and government agencies are working to create and maintain open space in the Los Angeles area that can be used for recreation, biking, walking, equestrian, plant nursery, and other activities.
“As many of these opportunity areas span political boundaries and are beyond local municipality control, a regional, effective, and comprehensive approach should be taken when examining these opportunity sites. In doing so, barriers related to the relatively fragmented political character of these cities must be overcome so as to ensure effective and comprehensive management policies for regional recreation and open space planning,” NPS stated.
NPS Best Practice Example for Environmental Justice Analysis of Green Access and Health
The National Park Service (NPS) draft study of the proposed national recreation area for the San Gabriel Mountains is a best practice for how to analyze green access, health, and equal justice under the President's Order 12898 on Environmental Justice.
NPS emphasizes: "[D]isadvantaged populations in the study area lack access and the ability to partake of existing opportunities due to lack of close-to-home open space, lack of effective transportation, lack of culturally advantageous facilities or opportunities, and lack of knowledge about recreation and natural resources. Under current conditions, all contribute to an impact on these populations. . . . [E]ach action alternative attempts to remedy these current conditions to provide a net beneficial result."
Click here to read the most relevant sections of the draft NPS study, citing the work of The City Project and others.
The San Gabriel National Recreation Area, Jobs and Justice
The summer of '63
The boom, not the slump, is the right time for fiscal austerity, as John Meynard Keynes emphasized. Funding for National Parks will promote the simple joys of being in the park, jobs, health, heritage, and conservation, with equal justice for all. Much remains to be done and now is no time to cut back. If you want a national recreation area, work for jobs--and justice. Click here to read our column at KCET Departures.
The City Project and Diverse Allies Submit Public Comments in Support of Alternative D
Diverse allies have submitted public comments to the National Park Service in support of the proposed National Recreation Area to bring the San Gabriel Mountains closer to the people – and take the people to the mountains.
View of the San Gabriel Mountains from the Santa Fe Dam Recreation Area.
The allies recommend that NPS strengthen and implement Alternative D in the draft study that NPS published in September 2011. The specific recommendations include the following:
1. Create local green jobs that reflect the diversity of the region through training, apprenticeship and stewardship programs for youth and local residents. If you want a national recreation area, work for jobs – and justice.
2. Implement Transit to Trails programs to take urban youth and their families and friends on fun, educational and healthy hiking, biking and camping trips to mountains, rivers and other natural green spaces for no or low cost. A Transit to Trails program should incorporate education about land, water, wildlife, and cultural history, and the importance of physical activity and healthy eating for life-long health.
3. Serve diverse needs and the full range of values at stake through a fully funded, balanced NRA that includes hiking, biking and camping as well as active recreation including soccer, baseball and other sports fields, complete green streets with biking trails and safe routes to school, and the joint use of parks, schools and pools within the NRA. Greening the San Gabriel River is a best practice example for urban areas throughout the nation under the proposed NRA, and under President Barack Obama’s America’s Great Outdoors initiative.
4. Study, celebrate and preserve cultural, heritage and public art sites, and Native American sites to celebrate diversity, democracy and freedom.
5. Develop culturally- and language-appropriate facilities, signage, and programming.
6. Comply with equal justice laws and principles for equal access to public resources, including the President’s 1994 Order 12898 on Environmental Justice, Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and its regulations
7. Expand the NRA boundaries to include more of the San Gabriel and Rio Hondo River corridors, urban communities south of the San Gabriels and nearby cultural, art and heritage sites.
8. Expand the NRA boundaries to ensure connectivity among urban areas along the San Gabriel and Rio Hondo Rivers, Puente-Chino Hills, and Chino Hills State Park.
9. Fully fund the proposed NRA.
A Diverse and Robust San Gabriel Mountains National Recreation Area
The San Gabriel Valley suffers from some of the highest childhood obesity and diabetes rates in California. The San Gabriel Valley also severely lacks parks and open space where families, young people and seniors can exercise and recreate. This health crisis and lack of open space have brought together a diverse and growing alliance in the San Gabriel Mountains Forever campaign to create the San Gabriel Mountains National Recreation Area. Download information about the San Gabriel Mountains Forever Campaign in English
The San Gabriel Mountains represent almost 70% of the open space in Los Angeles County and are in the largest “urban” forest in the nation. 10 million people live within an hour’s drive of these mountains, which provide opportunities for recreation and physical activity, as well as education, spirituality, and an escape from the stresses of urban life. The San Gabriel watershed provides about 1/3 of the drinking water for local communities and is a critical source of environmental benefits such as clean air and clean water.
The San Gabriel Valley is ethnically and economically diverse. Unfortunately, people of color do not enjoy equal access to the region's recreation and natural space resources. Latinos are nearly 50% of the population, but only 11% of visitors to Angeles National Forest are Latinos. While 25% of residents are Asian, less than 5% of Angeles visitors are Asian. Only 1% of Angeles visitors and 0% of visitors to wilderness areas in the forest are black.
San Gabriel National Recreation Area
One strategy for improving access to places for physical activity in the San Gabriel Mountains is the creation of a diverse and robust San Gabriel Mountains National Recreation Area. The San Gabriel Mountains Forever campaign is coordinating a region- and nation-wide push for the creation of a National Recreation Area managed by the National Park Service. We are diversifying support for and access to the San Gabriel Watershed and Mountains and the proposed National Recreation Area.
Transit to Trails
Transit to Trails can improve access to the national parks and forests including the proposed San Gabriel National Recreation Area. Transit to Trails can take inner city children on fun, educational and healthy trips to mountains, beaches, rivers and other green space throughout the nation, for low or no cost compared to the benefits. Transit to Trails enriches education about land, water, wildlife, and cultural history, and the importance of physical activity and healthy eating for life-long health, for children and their families and friends.
Although inner city children in Los Angeles live only an hour from mountains and beaches, many have never been there, because parents often work two or more jobs, and do not have access to cars or to information to plan trips. Transit to Trails is diversifying access to and support for parks and forests -- and letting people have fun doing it!
Transit to Trails serves all people, but is particularly useful to the working poor with limited or no access to cars. Transit to Trails provides choices to people who have none. Transit to Trails helps reduce traffic congestion and parking problems, improves air quality, and reduces run-off of polluted water into rivers and the ocean. It helps reduce dependency on the automobile and fossil fuels.
Why Does Equal Access to Parks, Forests and Recreation Matter
The San Gabriel Mountains offer multiple benefits: the simple joys of being in parks and forests; social cohesion, or bringing people together; improved physical, psychological, and social health; youth development and improved academic performance; positive alternatives for at risk youth; violence, gang, and crime prevention; economic vitality for all; climate justice and conservation values of clean air, water, land, and habitat protection; art, culture and historic preservation; spiritual and indigenous values in protecting the earth and its people; and equitable infrastructure investments. Fundamental principles of equal justice and just democracy cut across these other values.
Physical activity can help stop and reverse childhood obesity. Throughout much
of the San Gabriel Valley, more than 30% of all children are overweight or obese! The numbers are even worse for adults. Obesity can lead to a range of health problems, including Type 2 diabetes, heart disease, hypertension, and cancers.
The City Project with other social justice and environmental leaders is diversifying access to and support for the San Gabriel Mountains and the National Parks and Forests. Our goals include places and policies for physical activity and healthy eating, Transit to Trails, green local jobs including diversifying ranger staff, and other funding and resources to build connections from the community to parks, forests, and recreation areas.
Learn more about National Parks and the San Gabriels; the demographics of the San Gabriels; and Economic Stimulus, Green Space, and Equal Justice.
What Can You Do?
A San Gabriel Mountains National Recreation Area and equal access to green space is possible -- but we need your help! You can become a part of our campaign: follow The City Project blog, sign up for our mailing list by Emailing email@example.com, or call us at 213-977-1035.
Diverse allies united through the San Gabriel Mountains Forever campaign hosted cabinet level federal officials at a Listening Session for America’s Great Outdoors at Whittier Narrows Regional Park on July 7, 2010. Speakers included the community panelists whose presentations are available on YouTube below.
Robert Bracamontes America’s Great Outdoors and Equal Justice: Save Our Land, Parks and Sacred Sites
Robert Bracamontes of the Acjachemen Nation, Juaneno Tribe, urged cabinet level federal officials: "The bankers and financial corporations have been saved. Now it is time to save the people and their land." MIT Professor Noam Chomsky writes: "Very eloquent piece. Packs a lot in to a few minutes. Hope some of it penetrated."
to see each of the YouTube presentations . . .