- Transit to Trails Best Practice
- SCAG Equal Access to Parks and Transit to Trails
- Visit Transit to Trails on flickr!
- Transit to Trails Blog
Low-income communities and communities of color disproportionately lack access to green space, and transportation remains a significant barrier for many families to reach existing natural resources. We need dedicated, regional public transit from low-income communities to parks and open space.
Transit to Trails takes inner city youth and their families and friends on fun, educational, and healthy trips to parks, rivers, mountains, and beaches.
Every agency or group that has spoken on the issue has endorsed Transit to Trails as a best practice to get people to parks now. Support for such transit programs comes from:
- The National Park Service (NPS) study for the San Gabriel Mountains National Recreation Area
- NPS study to expand the Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation Area (SMMNRA)
- NPS Healthy Parks Healthy People Community Engagement eGuide
- President Barack Obama’s Every Kid in a Park initiative
- US Army Corps of Engineers Los Angeles River revitalization study
- California Parks Forward Commission
- Southern California Association of Governments (SCAG)
According to NPS, “Transit to Trails provides more opportunities for area youth and their families to learn about water, land, wildlife, cultural history, and engage in physical activity through recreational opportunities. It also helps reduce traffic congestion and parking problems, improve air quality, and reduce run-off of polluted water into rivers and the ocean by providing a more accessible, public transportation.” NPS San Gabriels Study, page 179.
“As demonstrated in The City Project’s work in Los Angeles, many families in the low income neighborhoods of the region often do not have cars nor are near public transportation systems that allow for access to regional parks.” NPS San Gabriels Study, page 93.
Similarly, NPS writes: “Few, if any sites, within the [Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation Area] SMMNRA and the Angeles National Forest can be accessed by public transportation, a major barrier for urban residents without a car.” NPS ROTV Study, page 128.
NPS also praises Transit to Trails as a national best practice in its Healthy Parks Healthy People Community Engagement eGuide.
President Obama’s Every Kid in a Park initiative provides all fourth-graders and their families free admission to national parks, and includes transportation grants for schools in the most underserved communities.
The California Parks Forward Commission’s final report states Transit to Trails is a “proven transit program that should be considered for adoption in state parks.” Parks Forward Final Report, pages 32-34.
Secretary of the Interior Sally Jewell at LA State Historic Park with Anahuak Youth Sports Association and The City Project, March 2014
The USACE emphasizes the need for transit to reach green space in its study to revitalize the Los Angeles River. “According to Southern California Association of Governments (SCAG), public parks are intended to serve all residents, but not all neighborhoods and people have equal access to these public resources. SCAG calls for a multiagency effort and public transportation to improve access for all to parks throughout Southern California (SCAG 2008).” USACE LA River Study, chapter 3, page 61.
SCAG calls for public transportation to improve access for all to parks throughout Southern California, as discussed below. There is virtually no good way to reach the four Southern California forests using public transportation according to a study by the University of Southern California with The City Project.
Transit to Trails is a proven program that engages urban youth and their families, can lead to meaningful work in park and environmental careers, and develops tomorrow’s stewards for generations to come. We encourage other park agencies to provide resources, buses, rangers, and interpretive programs for Transit to Trails.
Transit to Trails began as a creative partnership between The City Project, Mountains Recreation and Conservation Authority, National Park Service, and Anahuak Youth Sports Association. The City Project and our allies are working to institutionalize Transit to Trails throughout Southern California and beyond.
Secretary of the Interior Dirk Kempthorne with Anahuak Youth Sports Association and The City Project on a Transit to Trails hike in 2007
Public transportation is an important part of diversifying access to the four forests. There is virtually no good way to reach the four Southern California forests using public transportation according to Public Transportation to Local National Forests, a study by the University of Southern California Department of Geography that documents the need for improved public transit to diversify support for and improve access to the four forests in Southern California.
The Southern California Association of Governments (SCAG) calls for public transportation to improve access for all to parks throughout Southern California in the 2008 Regional Transportation Plan (RTP) Environmental Justice Report.
In response to public comments by The City Project and others calling for healthy parks, schools, and communties, SCAG conducted additional and new analysis on access to parks. “Public parks serve all residents. . . . However, not all neighborhoods and people have equal access to these public resources,” including local, state, and national parks. The following map shows the unequal distribution of parks and low income neighborhoods in the Southern California counties of Los Angeles, Ventura, San Bernardino, Riverside, Imperial, and San Diego.
“Research has found a complete lack of public transportation services into National Parks, but this also appears true for State Parks. There is almost no access to national parks and very limited access to state parks by transit across all income groups . . . .” SCAG cites the policy report above, prepared by USC students for The City Project.
“All income groups for the whole region will have greater park accessibility due to the infrastructure investments proposed in the 2008 RTP. However, a multi-agency effort must be undertaken in order to further address and remedy the issue of inequity of park access.” (Emphasis added.) One remedy is Transit to Trails. Source: SCAG RTP Environmental Justice Report, pages 11-14, 24.
A good model for transportation to public lands can be found in Good Practice Guide: Integrated Transport Measures in National Park, a report released by England’s Department of Transport. This report examines the vital role transportation plays in maintaining the economic and social vitality of the National Parks in England and Wales. Integrated transportation measures, including public transportation services, play a key role in offering a sustainable way for local communities and visitors to access the National Parks in England.