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PRRAC Handbook: Education and Civil Rights

Education and civil rights are undeniably linked. In 2016, a University of Southern California study on physical fitness in 900 California public schools found that there are significant racial, economic, and achievement indicators that affect student fitness across all districts. Many schools fail to meet the physical education requirements mandated by the California Education Code. Combined organizing and legal strategies which utilize social science evidence can promote compliance. In response to an administrative complaint with community leaders that The City Project filed as counsel, LAUSD adopted a plan to comply with physical education and civil rights requirements. Physically fit students can do better academically, stay in school longer, and graduate at higher rates.

Effective education in history, culture, and art can also dramatically increase student’s education outcomes, including attendance and GPA in all subjects, according to a study by Stanford University. Yet another national survey found that barely half of teachers believe that they are competent to teach race and slavery. In higher education, academic experts and social scientists publish studies and serve as experts in organizing and legal campaigns that support civil rights, environmental justice, and health equity. A study by economic historian Gavin Wright showed that The Civil Rights Revolution led to improved outcomes for all students.

Foundations and government funders can support education, compliance, and enforcement related to civil rights laws through social and traditional media campaigns. For example, after the Acjachemen people posted a YouTube video about the significance of the Panhe and San Onofre State Beach as sacred sites, Native Americans organized to stop a toll road which would have devastated both. In these cases, the legal framework maintains the bond between education and civil rights.

This post is part in a series by The City Project’s UCLA Graduate Student Intern Alex Ruppert exploring “A Framework for Civil Rights: Environmental Justice and Health Equity,” which is included in the PRRAC book Strategies for Health Justice at pages 45-57. The framework based on combined organizing and legal strategies is written by The City Project, GreenLatinos, and The Praxis Project.

 

LAUSD School Board adopts physical education resolution to comply with California law in response to community organizing and administrative complaint. 2008.

See other posts in the series here: https://www.cityprojectca.org/blog/archives/46022

Recomendaciones para legislación basada en la histórica Cumbre del Congreso sobre la Justicia Ambiental, la Equidad en el Salud y los Derechos Civiles Esp/Eng

In English Recomendaciones Comunidades en la vanguardia Trabajan con el Presidente del Comité Raúl Grijalva y (D-AZ), el Representante A. Donald McEachin (D-VA), otros congresistas, y expertos de todos los EE.UU.

La histórica Cumbre de Justicia Ambiental del Congreso de los EE.UU., en la primera convocatoria de este tipo por el comite de recursos naturales en la camara, brindó un lugar para que activistas y profesionales de la comunidad comuniquen sus necesidades directamente a los miembros del Congreso que están comprometidos a aliviar las inequidades en comunidades económicamente oprimidas y políticamente marginadas. La conversación producirá una serie de principios para informar la legislación que se presentará en este Congreso.

El Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., buscó un “terreno intermedio entre los amotinamiento por un lado y las suplicas tímidas de justicia por el otro”. La combinación de la organización comunitaria y las estrategias legales proporcionan ese terreno intermedio para el cambio social. El Marco de Justicia, Igualdad, Diversidad e Inclusión (JEDI), por sus siglas en inglés) proporciona el marco basado en las leyes de derechos civiles, medioambientales y de salud.

Marco de Justicia, Igualdad, Diversidad e Inclusión (JEDI)

El marco para Justicia, Igualdad, Diversidad e Inclusión describe cinco pasos principales: (1) Describa lo que planea hacer. (2) Incluya a las personas de color, de bajos ingresos o políticamente marginadas en la toma de todas las decisiones. (3) Identifique las disparidades y desigualdades numéricas en los beneficios y las cargas, a través de la evidencia de las ciencias sociales, la evidencia anecdótica, la historia, la demografía, el mapeo y análisis de SIG, las normas y los datos, y los valores en juego. (4) Considerar alternativas a lo planificado. (5) Implementar un plan que distribuya beneficios de manera equitativa y sin discriminación. La discriminación incluye la intención, los impactos injustificados, el sesgo implícito y la discriminación sistémica o estructural, o “negocios como de costumbre”. Todos tenemos derecho a un ambiente saludable, donde vivimos, aprendemos, trabajamos, jugamos, rezamos y envejecemos.

Informe de las Academias Nacionales de Ciencias, Ingeniería y Medicina, Comunidades en Acción: Caminos hacia la Equidad en Salud, pp. 354-55 (2017) – Determinantes sociales de la salud. www.nationalacademies.org/promotehealthequity.

Manual de PRRAC, Estrategias para la justicia en la salud: Lecciones del campo (2018), pp. 45-57. prrac.org/pdf/health_justice_rpt.pdf (Pobrety Race Research Action Council).

Mark Magaña, Xavier Morales y Robert García, Un marco para los derechos civiles, la justicia ambiental, la equidad en la salud y el compromiso público (2019). www.greenlatinos.org/environmental_justice.

Samuel García, Take Action Comics: The City Project. takeactioncomics.com.

“El corazón del Green New Deal es la justicia social”. La congresista Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez.

Estamos de acuerdo. Sin justicia, no hay Green Deal. The New Deal, Civilian Conservation Corps y Green New Deal de 2007 discriminaron contra las personas de color y las personas de bajos ingresos.

AOC, The City Project, y Green Latinos, Green Justice New Deal. www.cityprojectca.org/blog/archives/45858.

El clima es una crisis humana y de conservación

Cornell Prof. Gerald Torres y Robert García, El Precio de la Justicia. www.cityprojectca.org/blog/archives/43641.

Sam García, Latinos y Cambio Climático: Opiniones, Impactos y Respuestas (2016). www.cityprojectca.org/blog/wp-content/uploads/2016/07/Sam-Garcia-Latinos-Climate-Change-Policy-Report-GL-TCP-2016.pdf.

Encíclica de Papa Francisco (2015). www.cityprojectca.org/blog/archives/38889.

La Política y el Informe de Justicia Ambiental de la Comisión Costera de California son ejemplos de mejores prácticas para aplicar el marco

La justicia ambiental surgió del movimiento de derechos civiles para describir su aplicación y la de justicia social en contextos ambientales bajo las leyes estatales y federales, incluido el Título VI de la Ley de Derechos Civiles de 1964. La “equidad” en este contexto se refiere a la imparcialidad de los resultados donde ningún factor, como la raza, se puede usar para predecir los resultados. Términos como diversidad, inclusión, urbano, en riesgo o política no son suficientes. Los activistas deben defender los derechos de las personas que pagan el precio con su salud, sus hijos y sus vidas.

Comisión Costera de California, Política de Justicia Ambiental 2019, pp. 2-4, 18-19. documents.coastal.ca.gov/assets/env-justice/CCC_EJ_Policy_FINAL.pdf y www.coastal.ca.gov/env-justice/.

Diversificar a los ambientalistas tradicionales no es suficiente.

Se necesita apoyo a largo plazo sin restricciones para que los grupos de primera línea combinen estrategias legales y organizativas para la igualdad de justicia, equidad en la salud y justicia ambiental y alcanzar el cambio transformador.

Dr. Robert Bullard y Robert García, Revista de Parques y Recreación NRPA, www.cityprojectca.org/blog/archives/38559.

El acceso equitativo a los parques, aguas y monumentos públicos es una interés estatal irresistible

El acceso a los parques y la recreación ha sido fundamental en la lucha para la igualdad y dignidad humana desde el inicio del Movimiento por los Derechos Civiles. Animó a Brown v Board of Education y Watson v City of Memphis ante la Corte Suprema de los EE.UU., la Ley de Derechos Civiles de 1964 en el Congreso, la implementación por parte del Presidente y las agencias federales, y más.

Veda Banerjee, Probando el agua: El caso de los baños de Sutro es un precedente de las leyes de derechos civiles. www.parksconservancy.org/park-e-ventures-article/testing-water-sutro-baths-case-set-precedent-civil-rights-laws.

El muro fronterizo es un tema de derechos civiles y justicia ambiental

Comité de Recursos Naturales de la Cámara de Representantes, foro sobre los impactos desastrosos del muro fronterizo en las comunidades, el medio ambiente y la vida silvestre (2019). www.cityprojectca.org/blog/archives/45868.

Los valores en juego

Los valores incluyen diversión, salud, desarrollo humano y solidaridad comunitaria; aceso a parques, recreación, aguas, monumentos y tránsito a parques; acceso a la educación, incluyendo STEAM (STEM, arte, cultura e historia); vitalidad económica, incluyendo empleos de calidad, viviendas, y desplazamiento; y conservación y justicia climática. La igualdad de justicia y la gobernabilidad democrática subyacen a estos valores en el marco y las autoridades anteriores.

Robert García es Director-Fundador y Consejero, The City Project / Proyecto del Pueblo

Descarge las Recomendaciones del Cumbre del Congreso / Download the Recommendations for the Congressional Summit

 

PRRAC Handbook: Public Lands, Waters, and Monuments; Community Planning and Administrative Action

The US Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) and the National Park Service have both applied the legal framework to green access in Los Angeles and concluded: (1) there is not enough park space, especially for children of color and low-income children; (2) these disparities contribute to related health disparities such as obesity and diabetes; and (3) federal agencies and recipients of federal financial assistance are required to address these disparities under civil rights laws and environmental justice principles. These plans focus on the LA River, and the Santa Monica and San Gabriel Mountains, respectively. Advocates from these affected communities continue the struggle to implement the legal framework to ensure equal opportunity, climate justice, and local green jobs, while avoiding green displacement.

This post is part in a series by The City Project’s UCLA Intern Alex Ruppert exploring “A Framework for Civil Rights: Environmental Justice and Health Equity,” which is included in the PRRAC book Strategies for Health Justice at pages 45-57. The framework based on combined organizing and legal strategies is written by The City Project, GreenLatinos, and The Praxis Project.

 

Anahuak Youth Sports Association and The City Project at the San Gabriel Mountains National Monument

See other posts in the series: https://www.cityprojectca.org/blog/archives/46022

Recommendations for Legislation based on Historic Congressional Summit on Environmental Justice, Health Equity & Civil Rights

En Español The historic Congressional Environmental Justice Summit, in the first convening of its kind ever, provided a venue for community activists and practitioners to communicate their needs directly to members of Congress who are committed to alleviating longstanding inequities in economically oppressed and politically marginalized communities. The conversation will produce a set of principles to inform legislation to be introduced later this Congress.

The Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., sought a “middle ground between riots on the one hand and timid supplications for justice on the other.” Combined community organizing and legal strategies provide that middle ground for social change. The Justice, Equality, Diversity & Inclusion (JEDI) Framework provides the framework based on civil rights, environmental, and health laws.

Justice, Equality, Diversity & Inclusion (JEDI) Framework

The framework for Justice, Equality, Diversity & Inclusion outlines five major steps combining organizing and legal strategies: (1) Describe what you plan to do. (2) Include people who are of color, low income or politically marginalized in making decisions every step of the way. (3) Identify numerical disparities and inequities in benefits and burdens through social science evidence, anecdotal evidence, history, demographics, GIS mapping and analysis, standards and data, and the values at stake. (4) Consider alternatives to what is planned. (5) Implement a plan that distributes benefits and equitably and without discrimination. Discrimination includes intent, unjustified impacts, implicit bias, and systemic or structural discrimination, or “business as usual.” We are all entitled to a healthy environment, where live, learn, work, play, pray, and age.

National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine report, Communities in Action: Pathways to Health Equity, pp. 354-55 (2017 – social determinants of health. www.nationalacademies.org/promotehealthequity.

PRRAC handbook, Strategies for Health Justice: Lessons from the Field (2018), pp. 45-57. prrac.org/pdf/health_justice_rpt.pdf (Poverty Race Research Action Council).

Mark Magaña, Xavier Morales, and Robert García, A Framework for Civil Rights, Environmental Justice, Health Equity, and Public Engagement (2019).www.greenlatinos.org/environmental_justice.

Samuel García, Take Action Comics: The City Project. takeactioncomics.com.

“The heart of the Green New Deal is about social justice.” Congresswoman Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez.

We agree. No Justice, No Green New Deal. The New Deal, Civilian Conservation Corps, and 2007 Green New Deal discriminated against people of color and low income people.

AOC, The City Project, and Green Latinos, Green Justice New Deal. www.cityprojectca.org/blog/archives/45858.

Climate Is a Human and Conservation Crisis

Cornell Prof. Gerald Torres & Robert García, Pricing Justice. www.cityprojectca.org/blog/archives/43641.

Sam García, Latinos & Climate Change: Opinions, Impacts & Responses (2016). www.cityprojectca.org/blog/wp-content/uploads/2016/07/Sam-Garcia-Latinos-Climate-Change-Policy-Report-GL-TCP-2016.pdf.

Pope Francis Encyclical (2015). www.cityprojectca.org/blog/archives/38889.

The California Coastal Commission’s Environmental Justice Policy and Report are best practice examples applying the framework

Environmental justice emerged out of the civil rights movement to describe the application of civil rights and social justice to environmental contexts under state and federal civil rights laws, including Title VI of the 1964 Civil Rights Act. “Equity” in this context refers to the fairness of outcomes for all groups where no one factor, such as race, can be used to predict outcomes under state and federal environmental justice, civil rights, and health equity laws and principles.

California Coastal Commission, Environmental Justice Policy 2019, pp. 2-4, 18-19. documents.coastal.ca.gov/assets/env-justice/CCC_EJ_Policy_FINAL.pdf and www.coastal.ca.gov/env-justice/.

Diversifying Mainstream Environmentalists Is Not Enough

Unrestricited, long-term support for front line groups to combining organizing and legal strategies for equal justice, health equity, and environmental justice is needed for transformational change.

Dr. Robert Bullard and Robert García, NRPA Parks & Recreation Magazine, www.cityprojectca.org/blog/archives/38559.

Equal Access to Public Parks, Waters, and Monuments Is a Compelling State Interest

Access to parks and recreation have been core equal justice and human dignity concerns since the beginning of the Civil Rights Movement. This led to Brown v Board of Education and Watson v City of Memphis before the US Supreme Court, the Civil Rights Act of 1964 in Congress, implementation by the President and federal agencies, and beyond.

Veda Banerjee, Testing the Water: Sutro Baths Case Set Precedent for Civil Rights Laws. www.parksconservancy.org/park-e-ventures-article/testing-water-sutro-baths-case-set-precedent-civil-rights-laws.

The Border Wall Is a Civil Rights and Environmental Justice Issue

The border wall and emergency declaration are wrong on moral, legal, and policy grounds, undermining equal justice, human dignity, the rule of law, democracy, and truth itself.

House Natural Resources Committee, forum on the disastrous impacts the border wall would have on communities, the environment and wildlife (2019). www.cityprojectca.org/blog/archives/45868.

Robert García is Founding Director-Counsel, The City Project / Proyecto del Pueblo

The Values at Stake

The values include fun, health, human development, and bringing people together; access to parks, recreation, waters, monuments, and transit to parks; access to education, including STEAM (STEM, art, culture, and history); economic vitality with quality jobs, deeply affordable housing, and no displacement; and conservation and climate justice. Equal justice and democratic governance underlie these values, under the framework above.

Download the Policy Brief Recommendations for Legislation based on Historic Congressional Summit on Environmental Justice, Health Equity & Civil Rights

Historic Drafting Environmental Justice Bill Based on Public Feedback from Congressional Environmental Justice Summit

Happy to work with Chair Raúl Grijalva and front line environmental justice, health equity, and civil rights communities organizing the Summit . . .

Washington D.C. – Chair Raúl Grijalva (D-Ariz.) and Rep. A. Donald McEachin (D-Va.) hosted a historic all-day environmental justice convening in the U.S. Capitol on Wednesday, featuring an interactive tool allowing advocates from around the country to weigh in on the principles underlying a forthcoming bill to protect their communities’ legal rights. The unprecedented event brought national policymakers, environmental leaders and local advocates together to begin a dialogue on the future of the environmental justice movement, discuss challenges and policy priorities for frontline communities, and build connections going forward.

During an afternoon panel, Grijalva and McEachin heard directly from community members about the inequities and environmental oppression that politically marginalized communities continue to face. Grijalva has declared his intentionto introduce a wide-ranging environmental justice bill – based on principles drafted with the input of groups in attendance and others expected to join the effort – before the end of this year.

Community members can review the proposed principles, submit feedback and participate in the process at https://naturalresources.house.gov/environmental-justice.

“Regardless of color, culture, origin or income, every American should enjoy equal access to a healthy environment to live, learn and work,” Chair Grijalva said. “The convening was a crucial moment to come together and lift the voices of communities impacted by oppressive and racist policies. They’re too often the only ones not at the table when those policies are made, and I’m honored to have Rep. McEachin’s steadfast partnership as we bring them into the discussion. We’re excited to have the partnership and energy of the environmental justice community in drafting our legislation to right these injustices. This week’s event is just the beginning.”

“I am humbled and honored to have cohosted this historic environmental justice Congressional convening,” Rep. McEachin said. “I am deeply appreciative of the hundreds of advocates who joined us from around the country who sacrificed their valuable time to share their passion and knowledge for environmental justice with congressional staff. True change begins with them, these are the community leaders who know the best solutions for addressing these climate injustices because they are on the front lines. Our statement of principles is built around that concept, that we need everyone to weigh in on policy solutions in order to draft the most comprehensive legislation possible. I am extremely grateful to Chairman Grijalva for being my partner in these efforts and to the Natural Resources Committee for helping make the Convening such a success. This is a new beginning and I look forward to our continued work with each other, those who attended, and many others to draft environmental justice legislation.”

“We applaud Chairman Raul M. Grijalva, Representative A. Donald McEachin and the U.S. House Natural Resources Committee for organizing an immersive environmental and climate justice experience for Congressional staff,” saidCecil Corbin-Mark, Deputy Director and Director of Policy Initiatives at WE ACT for Environmental Justice. “Hopefully the EJ Convening equipped those responsible for policy development with the grounding necessary to ensure an equity lens is applied to creating legislation that will address the pressing environmental issues threatening frontline communities.”

The archived livestream of the morning session can be viewed at http://bit.ly/2FrZWVu and the afternoon session can be viewed at http://bit.ly/2Xg9rC9.

Photos from the convening can be viewed at https://flic.kr/s/aHsmEyxJrG.

The event is part of Chair Grijalva’s larger efforts to elevate the voices of communities traditionally left out of policy-making. Since becoming Ranking Member of the Committee in 2015, Grijalva has held multiple environmental justice listening sessions, most recently in New Mexico and Puerto Rico; a Democratic forum on the issue for Black History Month; and a forum on the Asian American and Pacific Islander community’s contributions to the nation’s environmental and conservation movement.

Media Contact: Adam Sarvana

(202) 225-6065 or (202) 578-6626 mobile

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Historic Congressional Environmental Justice Summit US Capitol Hundreds of Participants from Across the Country Livestream June 26 9 am – 5 pm ET

Happy to work with Chair Raúl Grijalva and front line environmental justice, health equity, and civil rights communities on the Summit . . .

The Congressional Environmental Justice Summit will be livestreamed at the Committee’s Facebook and YouTube pages.

Morning: http://bit.ly/2FrZWVu

Afternoon: http://bit.ly/2xhVKTr

The first convening of its kind, this summit will provide a venue for community activists and environmental justice practitioners to communicate their needs to members of Congress and their staff, who will commit directly to addressing longstanding inequities in economically oppressed and politically marginalized communities. The conversation will produce a set of principles to inform environmental justice legislation to be introduced later this Congress.

Event Details

What: Environmental Justice Convening
When: 9:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Eastern time on June 26, 2019
Where: Congressional Auditorium, CVC 200
Who: Chair Raúl M. Grijalva (D-Ariz.), Rep. A. Donald McEachin (D-Va.), other lawmakers and environmental justice experts from across the country

Press interested in attending should RSVP to monica.sanchez@mail.house.gov by 1:00 p.m. Eastern on June 25, 2019

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Congressional Convening on Environmental Justice Chair Raul Grijalva US Capitol June 26 9 am – 4 pm

Click to enlarge

Environmental Justice and Civil Rights Advocates please contact The City Project / Proyecto del Pueblo if you are interested in attending: hello [at] cityprojectca [dot] org.

CNN Environmental Justice & Racism Dr Robert Bullard Interview June 16 10 pm ET 9 CT 10 PT

The Father of Environmental Justice on Father’s Day!

Tune in CNN “United Shades of America” focuses on Environmental Justice and Environmental Racism. talks with , considered by many as the Father of Environmental Justice, about how where you live directly impacts your health. An all-new , Sunday, June 16, 2019 at 10 p.m. ET 9 CT 10 PT.

Dr. Robert D. Bullard

Website: www.drrobertbullard.com

Twitter: www.Twitter.com/DrBobBullard

Facebook:  www.facebook.com/robert.d.bullard

LinkedIn: www.linkedin.com/in/robert-bullard-7b471733/

Diversifying Mainstream Environmentalists Is Not Enough www.cityprojectca.org/blog/archives/38559

 

PRRAC Handbook: Diversity, Equal Justice, Voting, and Executive Action

In California, voters taxed themselves $4.1 billion to pass Prop. 68, a park and water ballot measure that calls upon agencies to implement justice, equality, diversity and inclusiveness (JEDI) to prioritize funding decisions for parks and recreation.

Prop 68 is based on the Presidential Memorandum Promoting Diversity and Inclusion in Our National Parks, National Forests, and Other Public Lands and Waters to address these values in visitation rates and the work force by federal agencies and recipients of federal financial assistance, including states, local government, non-profits, and other private organizations.

This post is part in a series by The City Project’s UCLA Intern Alex Ruppert exploring “A Framework for Civil Rights: Environmental Justice and Health Equity,” which is included in the PRRAC book Strategies for Health Justice at pages 45-57. The framework based on combined organizing and legal strategies is written by The City Project, GreenLatinos, and The Praxis Project.

See other posts in the series:

https://www.cityprojectca.org/blog/archives/46022

Zoot Suit Riots 75th Anniversary June 3 to 10, 1943

From June 3 to June 10, 1943, servicemen stationed at the Chavez Ravine naval station near today’s L.A. State Historic Park beat up young men wearing Zoot Suits throughout Los Angeles. The sailors brutalized their victims and left them lying in the streets; police and sheriffs then arrested victims instead of their attackers. Racist newspapers viewed victims as the problem.

The Zoot Suit riots reflected a struggle over power, privilege, race, class, gender, culture, and art, including jazz music and clothing fashion styles. Non-Hispanic white sailors mostly beat up Latino, Mexican American, and some African American youths in Zoot Suits. Some Mexican-American professionals sided with the sailors and LAPD. Meanwhile, non-Hispanic activists included Lebanese American defense attorney George Sibley, attorney Carey McWilliams, Alice McGrath, and LaRue McCormick. Read on . . .